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草船借箭—初中英语阅读理解训练
点击:755 来源:深圳潜龙家教 发布日期:2023-07-05
 

                       To Borrow Arrows with Thatched Boats 草船借箭

   One day,Zhou Yu ordered Zhuge Liang to make 100 000 arrows in ten days. Zhou Yu thought it was impossible, but Zhuge Liang said, "Give me three days." Then he asked Lu Su to lend him 20 boats,and the soldiers put some scarecrows in line on the boats. He reminded Lu Su not to tell Zhou Yu what was happening.
   When Lu Su came again to see Zhuge Liang, he found nothing unusual. Nothing happened on the second day,either.In the small hours of the third day,Zhuge Liang invited Lu Su for a boat ride. The 20 boats were tied together with strong ropes. Zhuge's fleet went towards the camp of Cao Cao.The surface of the river was covered with thick mist all over.People could hardly see each other on the river. When Zhuge's fleet got close to the Cao camp before dawn, Zhuge Liang ordered his soldiers to shout and beat drums heavily to pretend an attack. But Zhuge and Lu Su only sat inside one boat drinking wine to enjoy themselves.
   As soon as the Cao camp heard the shouting and drum beating, they mistook it for a surprise attack by the Zhou Yu camp. Since they could see nobody on the river, they had to order 3 000 soldiers to shoot arrows to stop the unexpected attack. The front of the scarecrows was quickly full of arrows. After a while, Zhuge Liang had his fleet turned around to get the other side of the scarecrows to face the Cao camp. When both sides were full of arrows, the day broke. Zhuge Liang ordered his soldiers to return. The soldiers shouted in excitement, "Thank you, Cao Cao, for your arrows." After they got back to their camp, they collected more than 100 000 arrows in total from the scarecrows.


1. How many days did Zhuge Liang need to make 100 000 arrows?
A. One day.          B. Two days.            C.Three days.                D. Ten days.
2. The underlined word "fleet" probably means _____ in Chinese.
A.船帆                  B.甲板                         C.船桨                            D.船队
3. Who created the idea to get the arrows?
A. Zhou Yu.           B. Zhuge Liang.      C.Lu Su.                           D. Cao Cao.
4. The soldiers in the Cao camp shot arrows because _____ 
A. the Zhou Yu camp started an attack
B.they could see each other on the river
C.they mistook the shouting and beating for a surprise attack
D. Lu Su beat the drums
5. How did Zhou Yu probably feel after Zhuge Liang returned with over 100 000 arrows?
A. Surprised.      
  B.Bored.                  C. Tired.                          D. Lonely.


参考译文:


     一天,周瑜命令诸葛亮在十天之内造十万支箭。周瑜认为这是不可能的,诸葛亮说:“给我三天时间。”然后他要求鲁肃借给他20条船,士兵们把一些稻草人在船上排成一行。他提醒鲁肃不要告诉周瑜这一切。


   鲁肃再来见诸葛亮,也没发现什么非同寻常的,第二天也什么都没发生。第三天凌晨,诸葛亮邀请鲁肃坐船,20条船用结实的绳子绑在一起,诸葛的船队向曹操的营地驶去。河面上满是浓浓的雾,人们在河上几乎看不见彼此。当诸葛亮的船队在黎明前靠近曹操营地时,诸葛亮命令他的士兵大喊并沉重地击鼓以假装攻击。但是诸葛和鲁肃只是坐在船上饮酒为乐。


   曹营听到喊声鼓声,误以为是周瑜军队进攻。因为他们看不清河上有任何人,他们不得不命令3000名士兵射箭来阻止突然袭击。稻草人的前面很快落满了箭。过了一会,诸葛亮让他的船队掉头让稻草人的另一边面对曹营,当船两边都是箭的时候,天亮了。诸葛亮命令士兵返回。士兵们兴奋地喊道:“谢谢曹操的箭。”返回营地后,他们从稻草人那里筹集了总共超过10万支箭。

 

     来源:贵州省黔东南州试题,以上答案是:1-5 CDBCA,深圳家教网站提供译文。

 
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